Search Site
Menu

Use the Seatbelt Even Though It Can't Be Used Against You

First let me go on record, as the Massachusetts Academy of Trial Attorneys has, and greatly advocate the use of seat belts. It is one thing that we can all do to help enhance our safety. Unfortunately, sometimes I am faced with clients who are in serious motor vehicle accidents who did not have a seat belt on at the relevant time. What is my response when that fact is pointed out by an insurance company or a defense attorney? I steadfastly maintain that the failure to use a seat belt cannot be admitted into evidence in a civil action i.e. a personal injury action. I have successfully kept that information, or evidence, out in numerous civil cases. This applies to trials and arbitrations.

The seat belt statute, Massachusetts General Laws c. 90, s. 13A, requires the use of a seat belt subject to certain exceptions. It does not say, as is often thought, that failure to wear a seat belt cannot come in evidence in a civil action. However, based on my experience, the statute has been construed or interpreted as not permitting its use in a civil case. There is case law that addresses this issue. In a 1992 case of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court, the defendant wanted to say at trial, “Well, we are not introducing the failure to wear a seat belt for comparative negligence, we are introducing it to show that it had a causal effect on the plaintiff’s injuries”. But the Court, in noting that there was no expert testimony, did not permit that evidence or information to come in. The Supreme Judicial Court stated in effect that the defendant failed to produce any evidence that the plaintiff’s failure to wear her seat belt was causally related to her injuries. In the absence of any such evidence, the trial judge properly refused to submit the issue to the jury, for the jury would have been left to speculate whether the plaintiff’s failure to wear her seat belt contributed to her injuries. Shahzade v. C.J. Mabardy, Inc., 411 Mass.788.

In prior blogs, I have spoken about the evils of speculation and here you can see the court’s mindset when it uses the word “speculation.” In the absence of expert testimony, the trial judge is instructed by the higher courts not to admit evidence of the failure to wear a seat belt. Your attorney in your auto accident case should never allow a defendant to come to the courthouse to say that the plaintiff should have worn a seat belt. That should be met with the most strenuous of objections.

There is one very helpful fact for your attorney in objecting to the introduction in evidence of the non-use of a seat belt. There are other statutes under Massachusetts General Laws c. 90 that set out certain requirements for driving. In those statutes, by their explicit terms, they say that a violation is “evidence of negligence”. Fortunately, there is no such language in the seat belt statute. Massachusetts General Laws c. 90, s. 13A. That silence – that absence of such language – speaks volumes. Make sure that if you failed to wear a seat belt, your injury lawyer takes note of the varying language in the different sections of the motor vehicle statute, Chapter 90. It will help to keep this potentially troubling evidence from a fact-finder.

Feinberg & Alban, P.C. fervently protects your rights
  • The Boston firm of Feinberg & Alban, P.C. specializes its practice in the area of personal injury.

    The attorneys serve the entire state of Massachusetts in addition to affiliating with lawyers in other states to handle cases outside of Massachusetts.

  • $7.7 Million Award for Feinberg & Alban Client in Personal Injury Trial

    Boston Attorneys Win Highest Injury Verdict in Massachusetts in 2011 & 2012.

Client Reviews
  • google
    5.0/5.0

    I suffered injuries and total loss if my car last year in a head on collision. Colleen Santora took my case and fought well on my behalf. She thoroughly answered all my questions and concerns, always responding in a quick and timely manner. She helpe...

    Read more

    Jessica Matt

  • google
    5.0/5.0

    Choosing Feinberg & Alban was probably one of the best decisions I ever took. Robert Feinberg and Perry Feinberg are amazing in their professionalism as well as in compassion. Perry was the lead attorney for me. He was always responsive to any questi...

    Read more

    Raja Bhattacharyya

  • google
    5.0/5.0

    I would like to express my gratitude to Feinberg & Alban PC. They are great people and professionals. If you need an attorney these are your guys. Thank you so much! Tatiana

    Read more

    Tatiana Andreeva

  • google
    5.0/5.0

    It was unbelievable!! I got into a motorcycle accident didn’t remember a thing when I woke up I was in the hospital and very terrified I thought to myself I think I need a lawyer I started looking online and I came across this law firm let me tel...

    Read more

    Vin Loco

  • google
    5.0/5.0

    Colleen Santora helped immensely in every step along the way of my fight against the insurance company regarding my property damage and injuries sustained. I'm grateful and would recommend Colleen to anyone! Thanks

    Read more

    DatDude Lex

See all reviews
Awards & Affiliations
Contact us

Quick Contact Form